I’m a firm believer in independently publishing my novels. I enjoy the marketing process since it involves getting out and meeting people. Being a working artist for the past twenty years or more, I find working a table at a convention or being in a booth at a fair to be a normal state of existence. I would miss the experience if I allowed others to do this for me. There is nothing like the personal touch when it comes to learning what your readers like (or not) about your work. Other pluses include retaining complete control over my writing and gaining the maximum profits on my sales.
Part of being an Indie Author is making sure your manuscript is the best that it can be before you release it into the world. Instead of accepting the cover art the publishing house insists upon and using their editor, I take the responsibility to hire people to do the work myself. It can be costly, a good editor doesn’t come cheap (nor should they), but in the end, I feel that keeping control of my work is the better end of the equation. Self-editing can help to reduce the cost of an editor and proof-reader since they will not have to do as much work.
During my self-edit process, I use beta-readers to provide insight into the content. I follow with editing software to catch general grammar, punctuation, passive voice, and adverbs. I spend far more time rewriting and editing a work than I spend in the rough draft. However, there is more I do during self-editing than rely on machines.
Below is a checklist I use to polish a novel, novella or short story before I send a longer manuscript to an editor and proofreader or submit a short story to a magazine.
1. Do not express emotion via mannerisms of punctuation, typestyles, and sizes. “The horse…is…DEAD!” doesn’t make an equine any more expired than “The horse is dead.”
2. Remove mannerisms of attribution. People speak. They do not wheeze, sigh, laugh, grunt, gasp, snort, reply, retort, or exclaim, ect.
3. Do not use similar names for your characters, it causes confusion with the reader. You should also avoid using the same first initial in names of your main characters.
4. Show, don’t tell. If Alex pounds on the door and demands entrance. You do not need to tell the reader he is angry.
5. Along with showing instead of telling, you do not need to explain the emotions of the characters. Let their actions do it for them.
Alex pounded on the door. “Let me in!”
Alex was angry at Mary. Furiously, he pounded on the door and shouted at her, “Let me in!”
6. Avoid cliches. This means not only common words and phrases, but also cliched situations.
Examples: Starting with your character waking up. Having a character look in a mirror so you can describe them via their POV. Having future romance partners bump into each other on their first meeting. It has all been done before. Don’t repeat history.
7. Remove stage directions. You don’t need to describe every single action of all the characters in every scene. Leave some of it to the reader’s imagination. We live in an age of television and movies. The reader’s mind has been trained to use similar images when they read about a place or situation. There is no need to describe it as much as authors did 100 years ago.
8. Use adjectives sparingly. Instead, find a strong noun and verb to convey the same information. Keep it simple.
9. Remove the word “that”. It adds extra weight to your sentences without giving any substance.
10. Avoid the words “up” and “down”. Only use them when needed. He started [up] the car. She walked [down] the street.
11. Do not be redundant. Do this in content with your ideas, but also in your sentence structure.
12. Choose regular words over the more unusual. Don’t show off your vocabulary. Make your content and ideas shine instead. Don’t get in the way of what you are trying to say.
13. Start the action right at the beginning. Don’t start it after a couple of pages of descriptive scene setting. Just get to it!
There is much more to self-editing, but this checklist is a place to start. Don’t let revision and editing daunt you. While it is a huge task, in the end it is rewarding to know you have polished your manuscript and made it the best you can.
15 thoughts on “Self-Editing Techniques to Polish Your Novel”
It’s tricky to avoid cliches, especially when your characters often speak that way. These are really good tips to use while writing the original draft, too!
I’m glad you liked the list, Dave.
Reblogged this on dave94015 and commented:
editing your ms isn’t hard but you need to put aside old habits. Here are some tips in this excellent post!
Great advice here. I`m on a massive learning curve at the moment and this has helped me a lot.
I’m glad to be of service. 🙂
Excellent tips here Wendy. 🙂
Thanks DG. 🙂 I’m glad you liked the article.
I never miss one. 🙂
Great tips, I’ll be adding this to my writing journal! What type of software do you use for your general edits?
I write in Scrivener for the most part, but I use editing software too. I’ve written reviews of some of the programs that I use such as Grammarly, Smart Edit, and Hemmingway.
Awesome. I’ve used Hemmingway myself but never Grammarly or SmartEdit. Can I find your reviews on your blog?
Two of my posts have the information you seek:
Both are popular posts. 🙂 I hope you enjoy them.
Great roundup as always, Wendy. Love the advice about punctuation (not using quirky punctuation to convey emotion) – very good point.
I’m glad you liked it, Bridget. 🙂