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Book Review: Tarzan of the Apes

Book Name: Tarzan of the Apes
Author: Edgar Rice Burroughs
First Published: 1912

Edgar Rice Burroughs was born in Chicago, Illinois. He attended many schools in the area and when he came of age, enlisted with the 7th U.S. Calvary in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory. After being diagnosed with a heart problem, he was discharged in 1897.

Burroughs had trouble finding and keeping a job during his younger years. He worked many low paying jobs including that of being a pencil sharpener wholesaler. During this time he began to read pulp fiction novels in his spare time. He felt that he could turn out a story as good as what he was reading and began to write stories of his own. His first novel became the first of the Barsoom series, A Princess of Mars, which was followed quickly by two sequels. They were his break-out novels and brought him fame as a pulp fiction author. At the same time, he also created the Tarzan of the Apes series and it would prove to be his most popular character and series overall. He would go on to write 24 Tarzan novels during his writing career and the series would not only spawn many movies, radio dramas and comic books, but the character of Tarzan would become an icon of pop culture. Tarzan made Edgar Rice Burroughs writing fortune.

In 1915, Burroughs purchased a large ranch in north Los Angeles, CA which he named “Tarzana” in honor of his Tarzan novels and there he lived with his family and wrote his books for many years. In 1927, the community that sprang up around his ranch voted to adopt that name for their town and it still holds that name to this day. The Tarzana ranch is currently run by the Burroughs estate.

Burroughs served as a war correspondent during World War II, but after the war ended, his health problems caught up with him and he died of a heart attack in 1950. During his life-time, he wrote and published almost 80 novels.

Tarzan of the Apes is the first of a long series of novels about John Clayton, Lord Greystoke, who is born in the western coastal jungles of Africa to marooned parents who are killed shortly after his birth. Clayton is adopted as an infant by the she-ape Kala and is renamed “Tarzan” which means “white skin” in the ape language. He is raised as an ape. The apes in the novel are not gorillas, but a species of ape that was invented by the author, who have a complex culture and language of their own. Tarzan feels alienated from the other apes due to his physical differences. Eventually, he discovers his biological parents’ cabin where he learns of other humans like himself from picture books. Tarzan teaches himself to read and write via a dictionary that was part of his parent’s meager library.

As time goes by, an tribe of humans settles in the ape’s jungle and Kala is killed by one of their hunters. Tarzan takes revenge for the death of his adopted mother and begins an antagonistic relationship with the tribe, raiding their village for weapons and pulling cruel pranks on them. The humans are unnerved by Tarzan and regard him as an evil spirit. Tarzan’s reputation among the apes grows and Kerchak, the leader of the apes, grows jealous Tarzan’s prowess. Finally, the two do battle and Tarzan kills Kerchak and assumes his place as king of the apes.

Meanwhile, a party of Europeans are marooned on the coast, including Jane Porter, the first white woman that Tarzan has ever seen. Tarzan saves Jane from the dangers of the jungle and falls in love with her. He does not know that he is an English lord in his own right, nor that another in Jane’s party is his cousin, William Clayton, who has claimed Tarzan’s title and ancestral estate since John Clayton is presumed dead.

Tarzan rescues a French Naval Officer named Paul D’Arnot who teaches Tarzan how to speak French and how to behave among white men. He also serves as a travel guide to Tarzan to take him to the nearest colonial outposts when Tarzan decides to follow after Jane. It is D’Arnot that discovers Tarzan’s true identity by studying the remains of Tarzan’s parent’s cabin.

Eventually, Tarzan follows Jane all the way to Wisconsin where she is planning on marrying William Clayton. There Tarzan must make a choice, claim his inheritance as an English Lord, or conceal and renounce his heritage for the sake of the woman he loves.

My introduction to Tarzan was a simple one. I grew up in a small town on the edge of nowhere. There was not much to do as a teen, but fortunately our public library was an hour’s bicycle ride from my home. I spent many an afternoon staying out of the rain at the library reading books. One of the authors that had a great deal of influence on me as a young reader was Edgar Rice Burroughs. During this time period, his novels had been going through a major reprinting and our public library was filled with all of his series. So my rainy world was filled with stories of Barsoom, The Land that Time Forgot, and Tarzan of the Apes. I found the first Tarzan novels to be good, especially Tarzan’s origin story, but later I feel that the series lost some of its steam. ERB mixed Tarzan in with the other series that he wrote, including Barsoom and Pellucidar, which watered down the original concept of the apeman. Also, perhaps as a young woman, I did not relate to Tarzan as much as my male counterparts, although I did enjoy reading about Jane Porter. I had learned of Tarzan via the movies first, the character has become an pop culture icon of our time after all, and yet the actual novel is richer and more interesting than what the movies distilled. It is a book well worth reading even if you are not a fan of pulp fiction.

Tarzan of the Apes Book Cover 1912Tarzan of the Apes is available for free download at Project Gutenberg. I hope that you will consider adding it to your reading list as well as other Edgar Rice Burroughs novels. His ideas have stuck around for a long time and you’ll see signs of his original ideas laced in many of the novels and movies we create today. You owe it to yourself to view the original material where these concepts came from.

Book Review: A Princess of Mars

Book Name: A Princess of Mars
Author: Edgar Rice Burroughs
First Published: 1912
Original Title: Under the Moons of Mars

In 1911, thirty-five year old Edgar Rice Burroughs suffered a dilemma. His business ventures had failed miserably and he needed more income to support his wife and two children. Being a fan of serial novels, he often told himself that he could write a better story than what he saw published in those pages. As he worked at his brother’s stationery company, he penned a novel on the company pads during his off-hours, telling no one but his wife about it. In the end, he was too embarrassed by the tale to put his name on the manuscript.

The All-Story magazine bought his first story as a six part serial in 1912 and named it Under the Moons of Mars. Due to the typesetter believing that the author’s pen name “Normal Bean” was a typo, the author was listed as “Norman Bean”. The humble serial would become the inspiration of a new sub-genre in science fantasy, the planetary romance. Stories by Burroughs became popular with the public quickly and by 1914 two of his serials were re-printed as novels. His Tarzan of the Apes series was novelized first, followed by his first serial, renamed A Princess of Mars. The Barsoom series featuring John Carter of Mars was born. The novels have since not been out of print for the last 100 years.

A Princess of Mars is the fictional travelogue of Captain John Carter, a Confederate soldier who prospects for gold in the American Southwest after the civil war. After an attack by Apaches, he is mysterious transported to the planet Mars. There on Barsoom, as the planet is known to the natives, he shows great physical prowess as the lighter gravity of the red planet allows him to leap about to the amazement of the four-armed, and tusked men known as Thrak. His skills in battle become renown to all Barsoomians as he gradually battles his way to the top of their society. Driving John Carter to fight is his love for the beautiful princess, Dejah Thoris. The captain spends much of the novel in pursuit of and in rescuing the princess as she is captured by various lustful villains.

I first discovered A Princess of Mars during my early teens at the public library. It was a well-worn, earmarked copy with a four-armed green giant battling a smaller, sword wielding man on the cover. Despite the novel having been written at least half a century before I was born, I was pulled in by the myriad of battling cultures, the intriguing scientific imaginings, and the emergence of love and friendship overcoming the hatred that drove all these different colored people of Mars.

John Carter is a charming narrator in this tale filled with anti-gravity cars, majestic city-states, giant riding thoats, and barbarians of many races. A southern gentleman of the old school, I found his way of offering the hand of friendship to the Barsoomians, a pleasant contrast to the way men are often portrayed in present day. He did not shirk from the violence around him and had the fighting skills to hold his own, yet through it all there was a sense of knowing that things did not need to be this way. His spreading of the concept of peace to the Barsoomians put me to mind of how people must have felt during the First World War, which started the same year that this novel became popular, when their world had gone insane with unheard of violence and war on a scale previously unknown, similar to the fighting that was protrayed on Barsoom. The voice of reason in John Carter was a counterpoint to those feelings that the First World War must have created and struck a chord with readers of his day.

I found the feisty, far from helpless, Dejah Thoris to be intriguing. Women from that era of writing normally did not have such spunk and did not look at the hero with equality as she did. While she does spend much of the novel being captured by powerful villains, she shows herself to be a woman of principle, every bit as much a creature to duty and honor as the hero. I can understand why Dejah Thoris has captured the hearts of so many generations of young men.

I hope you’ll consider reading A Princess of Mars and the rest of the Barsoom series by Edgar Rice Burroughs. You can find the ebook version for free at Project Gutenberg, or check it out at your local library.